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At Luton Infants School we follow the ‘Letters and Sounds’ scheme for phonics. If you would like to help your child at home with their phonics, there are lots of interactive resources available on the Phonics Play website (www.phonicsplay.co.uk). Below is an overview of the phonemes that we teach throughout Reception and Key Stage 1. If you have any further questions about how to help your child with phonics, do not hesitate to see your class teacher or Mrs Gamet (Phonics Co-ordinator).

Phonics Glossary for Parents


Children are taught to be able to blend. This is when children say the sounds that make up a word and are able to put the sounds together until they can hear what the word is. This skill is vital in learning to read. E.g. c - a - t  = cat


Children are also taught to segment. This is the opposite of blending. Children are able to say a word and then break it up into the phonemes that make it up. This skill is vital in being able to spell words. E.g. book = b – oo – k


Words are made up from small units of sound called phonemes. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes that make up each word. This helps children to learn to read words and to spell words


Grapheme is a term to describe how each phoneme can look when it is written down. These sounds are taught in a particular order. The first sounds to be taught are s, a, t, p.


 2 letters making one sound e.g. c-ow


 3 letters making one sound e.g. n-igh-t

Split digraphs

2 vowels with a consonant in between e.g. spine   - i_e 

And don’t forget to use Phonics Play!

Recommended Phonics Activities

f you are unsure how to correctly pronounce any of the sounds go to Mr. Thorne Does Phonics where you can watch videos of Mr. Thorne or his friend Geraldine the Giraffe teach the sound and discuss words including it. He also has apps for Android and Apple available.




Phonics Play


This is a very popular website we use regularly in our phonics lessons. The children will be familiar with the website and its games. Some of our favourite games are:

  • Flashcards
  • Buried Treasure
  • Dragons Den
  • Picnic on Pluto
  • Reading Robot


Twinkl Phonics App (available on apple and android devices).

This app includes lots of different sections covering phonic sounds, letter formation, high frequency words and games such as buried treasure and matching games.



This is not a website we have used in class but it involves interactive videos that children can watch and then are able to make up words with the given letters. It allows them to practise sound recognition and blending.


Phonics Books

Revisit pages in your child’s phonics book to practice reading and spelling a good range of words. Don’t forget to look for the high frequency and tricky words!


More websites with phonics games on:





Please click here for our English policy

Year 1 phonics screening workshop

Reception parents phonics presentation